The African Peace Facility was established in 2004 and since then, the EU has allocated a budget of more than € 2.7 billion
What is the African Peace Facility?
The African Peace Facility (APF) is the key EU financial instrument supporting cooperation with Africa in the area of peace and security, which is one of the pillars underpinning the AU-EU relationship. Under the Africa-EU Partnership, the strategic objective for peace and security is not only ‘to ensure a peaceful, safe, secure environment’ but also to ‘foster political stability and effective governance, while enabling sustainable and inclusive growth'.
The APF supports regional African solutions to African problems. Since its creation in in 2003, the EU has allocated more than EUR 3.8 billion to support short and longer-term efforts of the African Union and African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) / Regional Mechanisms (RMs) to prevent and manage violent conflict.
The APF has three components:
1. African-led Peace Support Operations (PSOs)
2. Capacity-building in support of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA)
3. The Early Response Mechanism (ERM)
APF funds can be used to finance costs incurred by African peacekeeping forces under the banner of the AU, REC/RM, or another sub-regional organisation carrying out a peace and security operation with an AU PSC mandate. These funds cover, for instance, the cost of transporting security forces, soldiers’ living expenses and development of military capabilities. The list of non-eligible APF expenditure includes arms, ammunition and specific military equipment, spare parts for arms and military equipment, as well as salaries and military training for soldiers.
Read more about the APF in the 2019 Annual Report.