Promoting long-term peace, security and effective governance in Somalia.
Following years of political instability and recurring conflicts, in February 2007, the UN Security Council authorised the African Union (AU) to deploy the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in order to promote long-term peace, security and effective governance. Over time, the mission’s overall objective has evolved depending on Somalia’s changing reality. AMISOM is currently assisting the gradual handing over of security responsibilities to the Somali security forces and supporting them in providing security for the political process at all levels.
Somalia has committed to take over more responsibility in ensuring its own security, allowing a gradual take-over of Somali security forces from AMISOM.
Since 2007, AMISOM has contributed to:
- restoring stability and re-establishing a political space which led to the establishment of new federal institutions and the adoption of a new provisional constitution in 2012
- providing support for the presidential elections in the first quarter of 2017 as well as preparations for the 2021 presidential poll
- helping to combat Al-Shabaab militants and to prepare a gradual transfer of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali Security Forces
The EU has supported AMISOM under the APF since March 2007 and has provided more than EUR 2.1 billion through the AU to that end, making the EU one of AMISOM's biggest partners. In 2019, the United Kingdom provided a voluntary contribution of EUR 7.9 million, increasing the EU’s annual contribution to AMISOM to EUR 207.9 million.
In addition, the EU has mobilized EUR 20 million under the APF to provide the Somali Security Forces with non-lethal equipment to enable them to partake in transition operations alongside AMISOM.
AMISOM's objective is to contribute to a sustainable security transition in Somalia with lasting peace and stability in Somalia while providing an enabling environment for peacebuilding and progress on state-building. In order to achieve this, AMISOM aims to:
- Enable the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali security forces, providing they have the ability, and there is political and security progress in Somalia.
- Reduce the threat posed by Al-Shabaab and other armed opposition groups.
- Assist the Somali security forces to provide security for the political process at all levels, as well as stabilisation, reconciliation and peacebuilding in Somalia.
AMISOM also contributes to: enabling security conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance to reach needy populations; building and strengthening the capacity of Somali stakeholders in conflict resolution, mediation and management; restoring the rule of law and fostering the adoption of the principles of democratic policing and good governance.
EU funds are used to cover:
- Contribution to allowances for AMISOM troops;
- Salaries and allowances for the police component of the mission;
- International and local civilian staff salaries;
- Operational costs for the mission's offices in Nairobi/Mogadishu Costs for AMISOM quick impact projects (QIPs).
- Running costs and the rehabilitation of the AMISOM-led General Dhagabadan Training Centre (GDTC) in Mogadishu
As a general rule, 85% of EU-support is dedicated to the payment of troop allowances/reimbursements of costs related to the deployment of troops.