Monitoring and verifying the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (COHA) signed in 2014 between the Government of South Sudan and the opposition. Providing CTSAMM with the necessary resources to enable the mission to monitor, investigate and verify any violations of the ceasefire.
The Republic of South Sudan was born out of decades of a civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended the war and led to the independence of South Sudan in 2011. While Sudan and South Sudan were still negotiating and implementing the outstanding issues of the CPA and the post-referendum arrangement, a deadly internal conflict erupted in South Sudan in December 2013. In response to the crisis, the International Government of Development (IGAD) negotiated and mediated between the Government of South Sudan and the opposition; this led to the signing of COHA on 24 January 2014 and the establishment of the IGAD-led monitoring and verification mechanism (MVM).
On 17 August 2015, after repeated violations of the ceasefire agreement, the Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) was signed and established the CTSAMM as the entity responsible for monitoring and verifying the implementation of the PCTSA.
APF financial support to the MVM and CTSAMM is consistent with the conclusions of the Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) in May 2016. Then, the council called on the transitional government to take swift and decisive steps to restore peace and stability by ensuring that all parties honour their commitment to a permanent ceasefire, and reiterated its support for the vital work of CTSAMM.
Two grant agreements were signed with IGAD: Between 1 August 2014 and 1 April 2016 the MVM received EUR 5 million, and from 1 May 2016 to 30 April 2017, the CTSAMM was awarded EUR 9.1 million. An additional CTSAMM grant is being prepared for the period 1 February 2018 to 31 October 2018 for an amount of EUR 5 million. APF-support consisted largely of contributions to salaries, travel costs and office rental costs.
The stakeholders involved in the support of CTSAMM include the US, Germany, UK, Norway, Denmark, China and Japan. Cclose cooperation exists with the UN, which is providing logistical support via UNMISS.
The mandate of the CTSAMM is to monitor and verify the implementation of the COHA as agreed by the parties, and help to bring an end to the conflict and the devastating loss of life, displacement of millions of people and destruction of property and livelihoods.
Through investigating violations of and compliance to the COHA, the CTSAMM teams on the ground ensure that deteriorating security situations are identified and prioritised for discussion, and action is taken at the national level by all parties to the peace agreement. The CTSAMM therefore plays an integral role in restoring peace and stability to South Sudan.
CTSAMM is also contributing to creating enabling security conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance to reach needy populations.
CTSAMM has its headquarters in Juba and has a number of MVTs deployed throughout South Sudan. The teams patrol their areas of responsibility and gather information on potential violations which they immediately report to CTSAMM headquarters. This can include reports of military fighting, movements of forces, blockage of aid routes, forced recruitment of child soldiers and attacks on civilians, as well as inciting propaganda, movement of troops and other activities prohibited by the PCTSA.
Through a system of onsite monitoring, patrols and investigations, the CTSAMM oversees commitments by the parties to:
- Cease military confrontations and withdraw forces in close proximity.
- Refrain from attacks on civilian populations and respect human rights.
- Ensure humanitarian access, especially to displaced people.
- Stop dissemination of hostile propaganda.
- Declare the disposition of all forces to CTSAMM.
- Declare and seek authorization from CTSAMM for all military movements.
75% of EU support is dedicated to the payment of the human resource costs related to the deployment of monitors and staff at headquarters.