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ECOWAS Mission in Guinea-Bissau (ECOMIB)

Enabling the ECOWAS Mission in Guinea-Bissau (ECOMIB) to provide security and, following the restoration of constitutional order, assisting the new authorities to consolidate their authority and address security challenges.

Fast facts

European Commission Contribution: 
€ 27 700 000
Duration: 
16/07/2015 – 01/03/2020

The resurgence of political tensions between the institutions slowed down much needed progress on key reforms in sectors like security that were initiated by the new authorities after the return to democratic rule in 2014. Since 2015, Guinea-Bissau (GB) has faced a new protracted political crisis, in the context of weak institutions and a legacy of political instability.

  • In the aftermath of the military coup in Guinea Bissau on 12 April 2012, ECOMIB was established by Heads of States and governments in the region. ECOMIB was funded solely by ECOWAS until it introduced a request for APF-funding in 2015;
  • The APF support consisted mainly of contributions to troop allowances ;ECOMIB acted as a strong deterrent, dissuading any military intervention and providing a safe and secure environment. In parallel, ECOWAS Heads of States engaged in a high-level ministerial mediation to put an end to the political stalemate and to ensure the implementation of the Conakry Agreement, which it brokered.
  • In 2019, the legislative and presidential elections were held in Guinea Bissau. ECOMIB secured elections-related premises and infrastructures, as well as the transport of electoral kits, voters, ballots and other election materials.
  • On 7 September 2020, the 57th ordinary Summit of ECOWAS Heads of State and Government officially decided the withdrawal of the mission.
  • The main objective of the EU support to ECOMIB is to enable the mission to provide security and, following the restoration of the constitutional order, assist thegovernment to consolidate their authority and address security challenges;
  • The EU support to ECOMIB is intended to enable the mission, through the provision of troop allowances, to conduct patrols, ensure the security of institutions and provided healthcare services, as well as support to the implementation of security sector reform.

ECOMIB helps the government of Guinea Bissau to consolidate its authority, to support the security and safety of both institutions and citizens and to provide humanitarian assistance wherever necessary. Recent activities have been focused on securing and protecting election-related actors, infrastructures and events.

The main activities included:

• Military and police patrol all over the country and discussions with populations to address security challenges;
• Secure the presidency and prime minister’s offices and houses, provide a military escort to VIPs, and secure the national electoral commission’s office;
• Provide health care assistance to the population;
• Initiate the demobilisation, reconversion and socio-economic reintegration of the security forces and develop a training plan for military and police.