Contributing to the establishment of effective state control in areas affected by armed terrorist groups and criminal groups in order to create favourable conditions for the socio-economic development of the G5 Sahel region.
As the security situation deteriorated in the Sahel region, the Heads of States of the G5 Sahel countries (Mali, Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso) decided to create a Joint Force in Bamako on 7 February 2017. The EU has welcomed the establishment of this force as a clear demonstration of the G5 Sahel countries' willingness to tackle the deterioration of the security environment in the region, and to cooperate against transnational threats in a coordinated and structured manner.
EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force amounting to EUR 50 million was announced by the EU High Representative at the EU-G5 Summit held in Bamako on 5 June 2017. This was increased to EUR 100 million through the addition of a further EUR 50 million at the Brussels Sahel Conference on 23 February 2018.
APF support to the joint force is part of the EU's integrated approach to the Sahel region. It is complementary to ongoing development activities, including under the EU Trust Fund for Africa, actions under the instrument contributing to stability and peace, as well as CSDP missions in the region (EUTM Mali, EUCAP Sahel Mali and EUCAP Sahel Niger) and the deployment of EU Member State experts under Article 28.
- The main objective of EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force is to contribute to the re-establishment of effective state control over areas affected by armed terrorist groups and criminal groups in order to create favourable conditions for the socio-economic development of the G5 Sahel region.
- The EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force is intended to ensure that its headquarters and command posts are adequately manned and equipped to perform the duties assigned and that it has the means to conduct what is specified in the Concept of Operations (CONOPS).
The EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force has four components:
- the provision of equipment and services as well as the building of infrastructure has been implemented since August 2017 through an agreement with Expertise France
- the delivery of logistical and operational support by MINUSMA to the Force’s units operating in Mali has been implemented since February 2018 through an agreement with the UN Secretariat
- the establishment and implementation of a comprehensive human rights and international humanitarian law compliance framework has been implemented since June 2018 through an agreement with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
The support to the existing peace and security governance structure of the G5 Sahel has been implemented since February 2019 through an agreement with GIZ.