Contributing to restoring a safe and secure environment in the areas of the Chad Basin affected by Boko Haram (BH) through increased regional cooperation.
Since 2009, the jihadist Boko Haram insurgency has been spreading from North-East Nigeria to a large portion of the Lake Chad Basin. Its attacks against the population have severely affected the North-East of Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger and threatened regional stability. The violence and insecurity triggered by Boko Haram further aggravates an already dire humanitarian situation, affecting the the lifes and livelihoods of more than 17 million people in the region.
In response to the threat emanating from Boko Haram, the Lake Chad riparian countries (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger) and Benin reactivated the MNJTF in 2015. The MNJTF is under the political leadership of the LCBC, and mandated by the AU Peace and Security Council (AU PSC). Its total strength is around 10,000 uniformed elements, including around 250 soldiers from Benin.. The Force has its Headquarter in N'Djamena, Chad and is structured into four sectors. Each sector disposes of own headquarter, based in Mora/Cameroon, Bagasola/Chad, Diffa/Niger and Baga/Nigeria. The MNJTF also includes a civilian component.
To support regional cooperation in the fight against Boko Haram, the EU signed an agreement with the African Union Commission (AUC) in August 2016 to provide the Force with key assets. The objective of this project (EUR 44,7 million) is to strengthen effective regional coordination and command of military operation through the provision of non-lethal equipment and services (medical services and evacuation, ground mobility, communication equipment). Other partners respectively give in-kind contributions to individual MNJTF troop contributing countries (FR, US) and/or channel additional support through the AU (UK, Turkey). The EU is by far the biggest contributor to the MNJTF.
- Contributes to restoring a safe and secure environment in the areas of the Lake Chad Basin that are affected by Boko Haram, through increased regional cooperation.
- Reinforces the ability of the MNJTF to coordinate, command and conduct joint multinational operations in its area of operations by providing it with the necessary assets (infrastructure, communication, transportation, etc.) to do so.
The operations conducted by the MNJTF have led to militarily progress in reducing the movement of Boko Haram by pushing them back into their sanctuaries.
The EU support covers personnel and operational/logistical costs. The AUC committed to providing MNJTF with the necessary assets to enable the force to effectively carry out its mandate, includingair transportation, ground mobility and communication equipment. The 2016 agreement between AU and EU is set to last until December 2020 and supports:
- the mobilisation of ground and air mobility to the Force for the transport of logistics and personnel as well as for medical evacuation capabilities
- the provision of level III medical services
- the delivery of communication equipment and the establishment of a secure communication network
- the payment of mission support allowances to Military Staff Officers at the MNJTF Headquarters in N’Djamena/Chad
- the operational costs and salaries of the MNJTF civilian component
The AU and the LCBC, together with the MNJTF and its troop contributing countries, have adopted a comprehensive Regional Stabilisation Strategy to guide the transition from a military oriented approach towards recovery and development.
The APF support to the MNJTF is one element of a broader, coordinated and coherent EU strategy to support resilience, stabilisation and economic recovery in the Lake Chad Basin. More than EUR 700 million has been mobilised so far for the Lake Chad region, including humanitarian assistance, the Emergency Trust Fund, stabilisation funding as well as national and regional programmes.