The 4th EU-Africa Summit was held in Brussels on 3-4 April 2014, under the theme "Peace, Prosperity and People". It brought together more than 60 EU and African leaders, and a total of 90 delegations, to discuss the future of EU-Africa relations and reinforce links between the two continents. In the summit declaration, leaders highlighted the close nature of EU-Africa relations and the shared values of democracy, respect for human rights, the rule of law and good governance as well as the right to development.
Peace and security
Leaders recognised the importance of peace and security as essential prerequisites for development and prosperity. In particular, they confirmed their commitment to enhancing political dialogue on international criminal justice and universal jurisdiction. Leaders also gave their support to the African aspiration and commitment to ensuring peace and stability in Africa and agreed to support African capabilities in this area through any available means, with a particular focus on capacity-building. Both continents agreed to strengthen common effort to fight international terrorism and to combat the spread of small arms.
Leaders pledged to pursue policies to create jobs and stimulate long-term growth on both continents. In particular the two continents agreed to cooperate more closely in the field of maritime policy. The EU also underlined its commitment to continuing to support African countries in the preparation of climate-resilient and low-emission development strategies. Leaders on both sides highlighted the importance of ensuring prudent and transparent management of respective natural resources, and responsible mineral sourcing. The summit declaration also underlines the importance of encouraging greater investment and economic development within and between countries in both continents, alongside developing transport, access to drinking water and to sustainable and affordable energy.
The summit recognised the importance of upholding human rights in both continents and confirmed a joint commitment to continuing efforts towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. On the question of education, leaders agreed to pursue policies to promote inclusive job creation with a focus on young people and women, and to promote student exchange programmes between the two continents and within Africa. The summit highlighted the need for a comprehensive approach to tackle the serious social and human impact of irregular migration. Leaders reiterated a shared commitment to fight human trafficking and to ensure the respect of human rights for all migrants. The summit also adopted a separate declaration on migration and mobility.
Joint Africa EU Strategy and roadmap
The summit also confirmed the commitment of both continents to the objectives set out in the 2007 Joint Africa-EU Strategy. However, leaders agreed that the implementation of the Joint Strategy should be further improved and that cooperation should be guided by a results-oriented approach. The summit therefore adopted a roadmap to frame EU-Africa relations for 2014-2017. The roadmap covers 5 key priorities and areas for joint action:
- Peace and security
- Democracy, good governance and human rights
- Human development
- Sustainable and inclusive development and growth and continental integration
- Global and emerging issues
For each of these objectives, the roadmap details actions at interregional, continental or global levels which are expected to have a real impact on the people of both continents.
- 4th EU-Africa Summit - Declaration
- 4th EU-Africa Summit - Roadmap 2014-2017
- Declaration on migration and mobility
List of associated events to the Summit (Brussels, Belgium):
- EU-Africa Business Forum, 31 Mar, 2014 to 1 Apr, 2014
- EP-PAP Parliamentary Summit, 31 Mar, 2014 to 1 Apr, 2014
- Africa-EU Youth Leaders' Summit, 31 Mar, 2014 to 1 Apr, 2014
- Africa-EU Civil Society Forum, 23 Oct, 2013 to 25 Oct, 2013
- Meeting of the Economic and social actors, 5 March 2013
List of side and preparatory events:
- Bozar Roundtable event: Visionary Urban Africa, 3 April, 2014
- Africa-EU High Level Seminar on Climate Change, 1 Apr, 2014
- Africa-EU Meeting of economic and social actors, 5 March, 2014
- Africa-EU Energy Partnership High Level Meeting, 12 Feb, 2014 to 13 Feb, 2014
- High-level meeting of the EU-Africa High-Level Policy Dialogue on Science, Technology and Innovation, 28 Nov, 2013 to 29 Nov, 2013
- Senior Officials Meeting of the Africa-EU Partnership on Migration, Mobility and Employment, 27 Nov, 2013 to 28 Nov, 2013
- Dedicated Fridays of the AU Commission on Africa-EU Dialogue
Lunchtime Seminars on the future of the Africa-EU Partnership. Between November 2013 and March 2014 the European Commission organized a series of informal seminars aimed at enabling interested actors and stakeholders to engage each other on the future of the Africa-EU partnership:
- 1st Lunch-time Seminar: Research and Development, 3 Dec, 2013
- 2nd Lunch-time Seminar: Africa EU Dialogue & Negotiations in Global Fora, 10 Dec, 2013
- 3rd Lunch-time Seminar: Future Relations and Continental Integration, 12 Dec, 2013
- 4th Lunch-time Seminar: Democratic Governance and Fighting Corruption, 20 Jan, 2014
- 5th Lunch-time Seminar: Peace and Security, 25 Feb, 2014
- 6th Lunch-time Seminar: Key messages for the IV Africa-EU Summit, 6 Mar, 2014