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Our Goals

The African Union and European Union promote a constructive and multidimensional approach to migration that complements existing dialogues and frameworks. The key objectives in this area are to deepen Africa-Europe cooperation and dialogue on migration and mobility and to address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement. The EU and AU stress the importance of effectively managing irreglar migration in a spirit of partnership and shared responsibility. They do so in full respect of national and international laws and human rights obligations, in order to maximise the development potential for both Africa and Europe. Special attention will be given to the involvement of young migrants and the diaspora.

Key areas of cooperation



Taking into account existing dialogues (namely the Joint Valletta Action Plan, Rabat and Khartoum Processes, and the AU Horn of Africa Initiative on Human Trafficking and Smuggling of Migrants), the EU and AU are committed to deepening cooperation and complementary discussions on migration and mobility. Their core goal is to develop and agree on a joint framework for a strengthened continental dialogue on migration and mobility.


The 2015 Valletta Summit on migration brought together European and African leaders who agreed on the Joint Valletta Action Plan (JVAP). The aim of this initiative was to strengthen cooperation and address challenges, while also considering  the opportunities of migration through an Action Plan. This plan has five priorities: 1. Development benefits of migration and addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement; 2. Legal migration and mobility; 3. Protection and asylum; 4. Prevention of and fight against irregular migration, migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings; and 5. Return, readmission and reintegration.

The existing mechanisms of the Rabat and Khartoum Processes help to monitor the implementation of the JVAP. The Rabat Process (Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development) was founded in 2006, bringing together European and north, west and central African countries. The Khartoum Process was launched in 2014 as a platform for political cooperation among the countries along the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe. A core goal is to give new impetus to regional collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination. The EU-Africa dialogues on migration are supported by the EU through its Pan-African Programme.

Specific support to the Africa-EU Migration and Mobility Dialogue (MMD) is being provided through a EUR 18.5 million commitment under the Pan-African Programme. It aims to improve the governance of migration and mobility within Africa and between Africa and the EU, while also enhancing the protection of migrants’ rights. It is implemented on the basis of three interrelated components 1. Africa-EU dialogue; 2. Capacity building; and 3. Support to the African diaspora, including through a dedicated platform.


The Partnership emphasises the need to develop pathways for regular migration opportunities including of labour and the mobility of entrepreneurs, students and researchers; it underlines the importance of working jointly and swiftly on all aspects linked to irregular migration. .


The EU and AU stress the need to counter the smuggling of migrants and trafficking of human beings and deterring irregular migration; a particular focus is addressing the vulnerability of women, youth, and children, including those unaccompanied or separated from their families.


The EU and Africa share the commitment to providing assistance to those fleeing conflict and persecution, including IDPs, and recognising that the vast majority of African refugees are hosted on the African continent. Efforts continue to provide protection in line with international standards, to create opportunities for refugees and host communities and to find sustainable solutions; supporting the implementation of the comprehensive refugee response framework (CRRF) is a priority.


The European Union Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing the root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa (EUTF for Africa) aims to foster stability and contribute to better migration management. It does so by addressing the root causes of destabilisation, forced displacement and irregular migration, among other issues. The EU Trust Fund is worth over EUR 3.4 billion and implements activities across three regions of Africa – the Sahel and Lake Chad, the Horn of Africa and North Africa. It was launched at the Valletta Summit on migration in 2015.

The Joint AU-EU-UN Taskforce to Address the Migrant Situation in Libya was established on the margins of the AU-EU Summit 2017 with the objective of saving and protecting the lives of migrants and refugees along the routes and in particular inside Libya, and to accelerate the assisted voluntary returns to countries of origin, and the resettlement of those in need of international protection. In support of the taskforce, to protect migrants and support their return and reintegration into Africa, the EU adopted new programmes worth EUR 150 million in February 2018. The activities are implemented together with the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

  The EU and AU support the African Institute for Remittances (AIR) as a focal point for all stakeholders in African remittances.  In addition, it continues to promote cheaper, safer, legally compliant and faster transfers of remittances and to leverage these for productive domestic investment in Africa as well as social and economic development.  


Read the full Declaration of the 5th AU-EU Summit 

Read more on Financing the Partnership

Featured Partnership Projects and Initiatives

Click on an image below to discover examples of our actions contributing to this priority area. The cooperation between Africa and the EU exceeds this selection and takes place in many different frameworks.

Facts & Figures